TPU creates a portable device for automatic determination of blood type

Yulia Rosenbaum, a PhD student of the TPU Engineering School of Non-Destructive Testing, developed a portable device for automatic determination of blood type. The device quickly provides accurate results since it minimizes the human factor in the analyzing.  The project was supported by a grant of the UMNIK Innovation Support Fund.

Under the supervision of Dr. Alexander Aristov, head of the laboratory of the TPU Division for Electronic Engineering, Yulia Rosenbaum, presented a Portable Device for Automatic Determination of Human Blood Type project at the fund competition. In modern medical practice, there are two methods for determining the blood type, which is gel cards and monoclonal antibodies.

“The most common way to determine the blood type is a сolyclonic method. Сyclons are mixed with blood, red blood cells agglutinate and then the medical worker to determine blood type based on results. In this case, there is no risk of misinterpretation.

On the other hand, gel cards are an expensive alternative,” Yulia Rosenbaum says.


Photo: the prototype of the device

Yulia's idea is based on the method of blood reactions with monoclonal antibodies, the human factor is minimized thereby dropping error risk to zero. It is a portable device with customized software, which quickly analyzes the data and shows result on display.

“The device requires a small amount of reagent and blood. This mixture is placed into the device which indicates the blood type based on the analysis performed, ” the scientist says.

At the moment, there is a working prototype available whose case. was 3D printed at TPU. The young scientist is working on its improving. In the future, it is planned to search investors and deliver presentations in health care organizations to make the device used in  medical laboratories and departments.