Thermophysicists of Tomsk Polytechnic University join large fundamental research, which will be conducted by ten leading Russian research centers. The project will be headed by scientists from the Institute of Thermophysics (SB RAS). The members of the scientific consortium will combine the results of their studies in fuel combustion and detonation. The project was supported by the Ministry of Higher Education and Science of the Russian Federation through a grant competition for large scientific projects in priority areas of scientific and technological development.
The total amount of the three-year grant is 300 million rubles, which is 100 million rubles per year.
“This project brought together key Russian academic centers, working in fundamental research on combustion and detonation of various fuels. In particular, TPU maintains long-term and efficient cooperation with the Institute of Thermophysics (SB RAS) in this area. Hydrocarbon fuel will be widely used for many decades, despite the active development of new alternative solutions in energy production and transport systems.
The project’s global goal is to determine the type and composition of fuels, which will be energetically efficient for different types of installations in the near future. In addition, the research team wants to determine the operating conditions of these fuels, the key characteristics of fuels and processes, providing maximum efficiency for these installations,”
Pavel Strizhak, Professor of the TPU Butakov Research Center, says.
In this project, TPU will work on organic water-coal fuel (OWCF) compositions. It is liquid composite fuels, which can include various combustible components, such as low-grade coals, waste coal preparation, liquid combustible components, and solid domestic waste.
This fuel is a viscous mass, which can be further combusted.
“Our research team has been developing fuel compositions for five years and we have an excellent fundamental background in this area. As the part of this project, the TPU team will develop a database on properties and characteristics of new promising composite fuels, which helps to achieve high environmental indicators. The fundamental studies will allow substantiating new methods for increasing practically significant indicators of such fuels, such as stability, composition, stable ignition, combustion efficiency, decrease amount of generated harmful combustion products,” Pavel says.
The competition accepted large fundamental research projects in mathematics, computer and information sciences, physical sciences and astronomy, chemical sciences and sciences about matter, sciences about the Earth and the environment, biological sciences, energy, mechanics and mechanical engineering, medical sciences, agricultural sciences, social sciences, and humanities.
According to the press-office of the Ministry of Higher Education and Science, the competition committee paid attention to the reputation of participants in the international scientific community, the qualifications of team members, the quality of projects and expected results, their cooperation with leading international scientific centers, and significance of studies for the priorities, defined by the Strategy of Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation.